C Interview Questions and Answers

 

What is the difference between memcpy and memmove?

memmove offers guaranteed behavior if the memory regions pointed to by the source
and destination arguments overlap. memcpy makes no such guarantee, and may therefore
be more efficiently implementable. When in doubt, it's safer to use memmove.



It seems simple enough to implement memmove; the overlap guarantee apparently requires
only an additional test:



void *memmove(void *dest, void const *src, size_t n)



{



register char *dp = dest;



register char const *sp = src;



if(dp < sp) {





while(n-- > 0)



*dp++ = *sp++;



} else {



dp += n;



sp += n;



while(n-- >> 0)



*--dp = *--sp;



}





return dest;



}





The problem with this code is in that additional test: the comparison (dp < sp)
is not quite portable (it compares two pointers which do not necessarily point within
the same object) and may not be as cheap as it looks. On some machines (particularly
segmented architectures), it may be tricky and significantly less efficient to implement.

Posted by:Richards